Patient HM (Henry Molaison): Man who experienced anterograde amnesia and partial retrograde amnesia after a bilateral temporal lobectomy to cure his epilepsy.
Patient RB: Man who experienced a stroke that damaged the CA1 region of his hippocampus. As a result, he lost his ability to form new memories.
Clive Wearing: British man with a severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. He has lost most of his declarative memory, but his implicit memory is still in tact.
Patient Tan (Victor Louis Leborgne): Man who had severe expressive aphasia after syphilis damaged his left frontal lobe.
Lazare Lelong: A patient of Paul Broca with expressive aphasia. Post mortem examination showed injury to the same area of the brain as seen in other case studies of a similar type of aphasia.
Jebediah Buxton: Man with savant skills for mathematical calculations.
Phineas Gage: Man who survived after a large metal rod was sent flying through his skull and brain. Following the injury, he had a marked change in behavior that was uncharacteristic of him before the injury.
"The Frozen Addicts": Group of six people in California who took a dopamine toxin called MPTP and had Parkinson's disease like symptoms.
Patient SM: Person with severe amygdala damage as a result of highly specific calcification. Because of this damage, she exhibit no fear on behavioral testing.